There are numerous resources that can assist you in deciding how best to use writing in your classes, including websites, books and articles, conferences, listservs, and the many people on your campus who would like to discuss Writing Across the Curriculum (WAC), Writing in your Discipline (WID), Writing Intensive classes (WI), and Writing Intensive Programs (WIP). Ask colleagues who might be the best resources on campus for this information.


Many colleges and universities have well-developed, long-standing WAC programs, and have developed excellent websites. Here are the ones you might find most useful:

Colorado State University:
This site is an incredibly useful site for WAC activities and resources. Most of the information here is not about the WAC program at Colorado State; rather, it focuses on academic writing, and WAC programs in general.

George Mason University:
George Mason University (GMU) houses one of the oldest (1978), most successful WAC programs in the country, and their website provides a complete guide -- from history, to faculty workshops, to philosophy. It is one of the most important websites to be familiar with when considering WAC programs and practices.

Kirkwood Community College (Cedar Rapids, Iowa):
One of two community colleges on this recommended list, Kirkwood's website contains many useful links. For instance, you can find a practical, short, and clear list of tips that WAC instructors can use in preparing writing assignments

Longview Community College (Lee's Summit, Missouri):
The site is based on the WAC program at Longview Community College which was founded on a couple of practices rarely seen in community colleges: WI courses and Writing Fellows. Their writing program has a solid theoretical basis which might be useful to you as you consider WAC programs.

Pace University (Westchester County, New York):
Pace University has a well-developed and useful website, particularly in presenting information from a variety of resources. Pace developed its WAC and Writing and Technology program to address the upsurge in the use of computers on campus and their website looks at issues related to teaching, writing, and learning.

Purdue University:
Purdue's online writing lab (OWL) is possibly the best-known and most-used online grammar/writing guide available to the public. Though not specifically centered on WAC issues, it has helpful information. For instance, you can find a very helpful research paper site that distinguishes between, for example, analytical and argumentative research papers - a useful distinction for students (and instructors) to note.

University of Richmond:
The WAC program at University of Richmond was established in 1992 and follows a model which trains student Writing Fellows in basic composition and response pedagogy, and then assigns these Fellows to particular courses where they respond to drafts of paper in preparation for student revision of those papers. The site provides valuable information, including an excellent description of the responsibilities of Writing Fellows, practical assignments for instructors who want to use writing to improve learning, advice on commenting on student writing, etc.


Bean, John L. Engaging Ideas: The Professor's Guide to Integrating Writing, Critical Thinking, and Active Learning in the Classroom. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1996.

Comment: Bean's book is generally considered the single, best book for both justifying WAC programs in general, and specifically for presenting numerous strategies for integrating writing into all classrooms. It is the one book I would recommend every instructor own, no matter what their experience in using writing in their classroom.

Other Articles and Books

Bazerman, Charles and David R. Russell, eds. Landmark Essays on Writing Across the Curriculum. Davis, Ca.: Hermagora Press, 1994.

Bazerman, Charles and David Russell. "Writing Across the Curriculum as a Challenge to Rhetoric and Composition." Landmark. Eds. Bazerman and Russell. xi - xvi.

Falke, Anne. "What Every Educator Should Know About Reading Research." Language Connections: Writing and Reading Across the Curriculum. Eds. Fulwiler and Young. 123 - 137.

Fulwiler, Toby and Art Young, eds. Programs That Work: Models and Methods for Writing Across the Curriculum. Portsmouth, NH: Boynton/Cook, 1990.

Fulwiler, Toby. "Evaluating Writing Across the Curriculum Programs." Strengthening Programs. Ed. Susan H. McLeod. 61 - 75 .

McCarthy, Lucille Parkinson and Barbara E. Walvoord. "Models for Collaborative Research in Writing Across the Curriculum." Strengthening Programs. Ed. Susan H. McLeod. 75 - 85.

McLeod, Susan H., ed. Strengthening Programs for Writing-Across-the Curriculum. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1988.

Sheridan, Jean, editor. Writing-Across-the Curriculum and the Academic Library: A Guide for Librarians, Instructors and Writing Program Directors. Westport, Conn: Greenwood Press, 1995.

Stanley, Linda C and Joanna Ambron, eds. Writing Across the Curriculum in Community Colleges. San Francisco, Jossey-Bass, 1991.

Stout, Barbara R. and Joyce N. Magnotto. "Building on Realities: Writing Across the Curriculum Programs at Community Colleges." Writing Across the Curriculum in Community Colleges. Eds. Stanley and Ambron. 13 - 26.

Thaiss, Christopher. "The Future of Writing Across the Curriculum." Strengthening Programs. Ed. Susan H. McLeod. 90 - 102.